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  • 도시재생사업을 위한 공공의 사업비용 조달방법 연구 2010년 12월 내용보기 초록보기

    저자 : Catherine L. Ross, 남진, 우명제

    • 대한국토·도시계획학회
    • 국토계획
    • 미리보기 미리보기
    • 원문다운 원문다운
  • 출간년월 논문제목 본문 논문초록 논문저자 저널종류
    2010년 12월 도시재생사업을 위한 공공의 사업비용 조달방법 연구 Abstract
    Ⅰ. 서론
    Ⅱ. 이론 및 기존 연구 검토
    Ⅲ. 미국의 TIF 법률을 토대로한 TIF 운용 실태
    Ⅳ. TIF 운용과 관련한 분쟁 사례 분석
    Ⅴ. 결론 및 시사점
    인용문헌
      Tax Increment Financing(TIF) has been used as a favored method in financing development projects to revitalize blighted areas in the U.S. Many scholars have studied the applicability of TIF for real estate developments in Korea since early 2000s. While they have focused on the mechanism of TIF and feasibility analysis for TIF application, little has been known about the nature of TIF implementation and challenges that may occur during the implementation process. This paper aimed at providing policy implications for the application of TIF for urban regeneration projects in Korea through the analysis of 50 TIF statues and 29 case laws in the U.S. The paper finds that the revenue sources of TIF include economic activity taxes, such as sales tax, income tax, and utility tax, as well as property taxes. This finding is important in that most tax revenues from real estate markets in Korea depend on transaction fees rather than property taxes. In addition, the paper reveals that the TIF cases in the US have faced with many legal challenges where many cases with the issues of "blight" findings and the diversion of revenues from other taxing districts were worked out against TIF projects, implying that the statues with detailed guidelines that can specify the criteria of blighted areas, diversion of tax revenues, etc. should be enacted at the national scale when TIF is adopted in Korea as a public financing tool. Catherine L. Ross, 남진, 우명제 국토계획
  • 교외지역 신시가지 개발이 중심도시의 구시가지 쇠퇴에 미치는 영향 분석 2014년 8월 초록보기

    저자 : 우명제, 엄현태

    • 대한국토·도시계획학회
    • 국토계획
    • 미리보기 미리보기
    • 원문다운 원문다운
    • XML xml링크
  • 2014년 8월 교외지역 신시가지 개발이 중심도시의 구시가지 쇠퇴에 미치는 영향 분석 Although most Korean cities have recently experienced the slowdown of population growth, many local governments have promoted new town developments in suburban areas. The decline of inner cities has been a hot issue in urban planning amidst the popularity of sprawled development patterns. While the new town development has contributed to the rises of homeownership and local tax revenues, it also has been criticized as one of contributors to the decline of inner cities. However, the causal effects between the suburban new development and the decline of inner cities have not been measured in Korea. The purpose of this study is to measure the impacts of new towns on the decline of inner cities using a multiple regression model for all cities in Korea and identify major factors associated with the decline. Changes in population and employment of old downtowns are used as dependent variables in two models, and the characteristics of new towns along with other control variables are used as independent variables. The results show that the developments of new towns in suburban areas are positively related to the decline of inner cities and negatively affect their changes in population and employment 우명제, 엄현태 국토계획
  • 도시스프롤 현상이 중심도시 쇠퇴에 미치는 영향과 도시재생에 대한 함의: 수도권을 대상으로 2015년 4월 초록보기

    저자 : 우명제, 엄현태

    • 대한국토·도시계획학회
    • 국토계획
    • 미리보기 미리보기
    • 원문다운 원문다운
    • XML xml링크
  • 2015년 4월 도시스프롤 현상이 중심도시 쇠퇴에 미치는 영향과 도시재생에 대한 함의: 수도권을 대상으로 Recently, many cities have experienced an expansion of urbanized areas forming metropolitan areas. Such spatial transformation resembles urban sprawl with an excessive geographic expansion and low density development, resulting in urban problems, such as the decline of inner cities that many U.S. metropolitan areas have experienced. While such problems have not been seriously recognized in the capital region of South Korea due to the strong economic position of the region at the national level, low density single detached homes have been increasingly developed in outer areas of the region similar to the trend of urban sprawl in the U.S. The Purpose of this study is to measure urban sprawl of the capital region and its impacts on the decline of inner cities using a multiple regression model. Changes in population and employment of Dongs in Seoul are used as dependent variables in two models, and the characteristics of urban sprawl in the capital region along with other control variables are used as independent variables. The results show that urban sprawl in the region is negatively affethe changes in population in Seoul, contributing to the decline of inner city areas. 우명제, 엄현태 국토계획
  • 신시가지 개발을 동반한 도시스프롤이 중심도시 쇠퇴에 미치는 영향: 지역차원의 도시재생정책에 대한 시사점 2015년 10월 초록보기

    저자 : 우명제, 엄현태

    • 대한국토·도시계획학회
    • 국토계획
    • 미리보기 미리보기
    • 원문다운 원문다운
    • XML xml링크
  • 2015년 10월 신시가지 개발을 동반한 도시스프롤이 중심도시 쇠퇴에 미치는 영향: 지역차원의 도시재생정책에 대한 시사점 Korea has experienced rapid urbanization similar to urban sprawl that has caused urban problems such as traffic jam, degradation of green space, and the decline of inner cities. Also, new-town developments in suburban areas have promoted the decline of inner cities. Recently enacted urban regeneration policies targeting these problems do not consider regional-level causes of urban decline, such as urban sprawl. The purpose of this study is to measure the impacts of urban sprawl on the decline of inner city taking into account new-town developments in suburban areas. Two multiple regression models are employed with changes in population and establishments of inner cities as dependent variables. The urban sprawl index, new-town development, their interaction term, and other control variables are used as independent variables. The results show that urban sprawl accompanied by new-town development rather than typical urban sprawl negatively affects inner cities by decreasing their population and establishments. 우명제, 엄현태 국토계획
  • 도시쇠퇴의 공간적 확산현상과 쇠퇴확산 요인에 대한 실증분석 2016년 4월 초록보기

    저자 : 우명제, 엄현태

    • 대한국토·도시계획학회
    • 국토계획
    • 미리보기 미리보기
    • 원문다운 원문다운
    • XML xml링크
  • 2016년 4월 도시쇠퇴의 공간적 확산현상과 쇠퇴확산 요인에 대한 실증분석 Globally, many factors, such as changes of transportation infrastructure, urban sprawl, change of industrial structure, have caused urban decline. Cities experiencing such urban decline have enforced urban revitalization policies. Also, most Korean cities have recently experienced urban decline which results in enacting urban regeneration policies at the national level. While existing studies on urban decline have focused on identifying major factors associated with the decline, few studies have attempted to measure spatial diffusion of decline in Korea. As urban decline is characterized as spatial problems, not only finding the factors but also predicting its spread is important to prevent future urban decline. In this context, the purposes of this study are to examine urban decline areas of Seoul in Korea and to measure the spread of urban decline through analysis of spatial autocorrelation and a spatial regression model. The results show that there exists spatial diffusion of urban decline in Seoul, and urban decline on districts in terms of population, establishment, and dwelling unit is influenced by some variables of its nearby areas. This implies that we need to consider neighboring areas of the declined districts when urban regeneration policies are developed at the district level. 우명제, 엄현태 국토계획
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